Former Chilean President Ricardo Lagos and former head of the IDB, Enrique Iglesias, presented the book “Latin America, China and the United States. Latin American perspectives of international relations in the twenty-first century “. Lagos, editor of the publication along with Iglesias,suggested that in the case of the suscription of a trade agreement... Read more »
Former Chilean President Ricardo Lagos and former head of the IDB, Enrique Iglesias, presented the book “Latin America, China and the United States. Latin American perspectives of international relations in the twenty-first century “. Lagos, editor of the publication along with Iglesias,suggested that in the case of the suscription of a trade agreement between the Southern Common Market (Mercosur) and the European Union (EU), a large of Latin America and the Caribbean would have a treaty with the countries of the Old Continent.
“What if the majority of Latin American countries has an agreement with Europe?, would it be possible for the countries of Latin America to make available to the rest of the fellows in Latin America just the same as they have granted to Europe? ” asked Lagos.
“Could Chile tell the rest of the countries of Latin America that it offers them what it has already negotiated with Europe? And if this is done by each of the countries of Latin America, would it be possible to make it the lowest common denominator of our integration process? ” He said.
He stressed that “if each of us gives the same advantages to other countries of Latin America we gave Europe, we would have solved most of our problems.”
This, he added, “because sometimes it is difficult to agree among ourselves, but we will all end up with an agreement with a third party as Europe.”
Lagos said that this strategy would allow to consult with the EU “if it would let us to accumulate the origin of products from our region with Europe’s so that our exporters are integrated into global chains of value.”
“Here there is a possibility, a very real opportunity,” stressed the former leader, who said that “from now on international relations will be between continental countries or between continents which can manage to have one voice.”
He stressed that the book presented on Tuesday “helps to understand how to have a proper relationship with China, the United States, and understand what is happening within those countries.”
He said that “if we do well perhaps as Latin Americans we can have a voice that is heard a bit more in the world”.
Iglesias, meanwhile, said that “in negotiating what is needed is an openness in all possible forms of international relationship”, after which compared other countries agreements with Mercosur and the Pacific Alliance.
He added that the block made up of Mexico, Colombia, Peru and Chile has 50 preferential agreements with other nations, while Mercosur (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay and Venezuela) simply with Egypt, Israel and the Palestinian Authority.
“Latin America must open up to the world to find a way to have agreements with all major sectors of the world,” said the former president of the Inter-American Development Bank.
He added that “we must find a way to find solutions to improve the capacity for cooperation within Latin America.”
He argued that “there is a need to have Latin America to learn to cooperate in a flexible and intelligent way, without setting goals that are unattainable. There must be something to cooperate when there are 500 Latin American multinational companies operating in the region. ”
The executive secretary of the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), Alicia Bárcena said, in turn, that the region requires “financial and technological governance”.
She emphasized the great concern that trade agreements such as the TPP, “might reduce our autonomy and freedom in the technological area.”
She said that countries could create a technology transfer fund for developing countries or another for important technologies to meet the agenda 2030 on sanitation, for example.
“In this technological governance, it also needed Internet governance, digital governance,” said Bárcena.
In South America, she explained, “we have all the conditions to create a single digital market accompanying infrastructure, I think we’re ready for a technological integration.”
The book “Latin America, China and the United States. Latin American perspectives of international relations in the XXI Century “was published by the Economic Culture Fund (FCE) of Mexico and the Council on Foreign Relations of Latin America and the Caribbean (Rial).Tags: alicia bárcena, america latina, brasil, china, enrique iglesias, Estados Unidos, fce, libro, mexico, Ricardo Lagos